The Mosaic covenant, which Israel entered into with Yahweh at Mount Sinai, is reiterated, expounded on, and expanded by Moses as he leads the new generation in renewing the covenant prior to their entering the Land of Promise to possess it. The continual rebelling of the Exodus generation, culminating in their defiant refusal to obey Yahweh and enter the land of Canaan and take possession of it, led to their breaking of the covenant. Hence the necessity for renewing the covenant by the new generation.
Composition history[ edit ] Since the evidence was first put forward by W. Israel rebelled, and was destroyed c. Refugees fleeing to Judah brought with them a number of new traditions new to Judah, at least.
One of these was that the god Yahweh, already known and worshiped in Judah, was not merely the most important of the gods, but the only god who should be served. This outlook influenced the Judahite landowning elitewho became extremely powerful in court circles after they placed the eight-year-old Josiah on the throne following the murder of his father, Amon of Judah.
By the eighteenth year of Josiah's reign, Assyrian power was in rapid decline, and a pro-independence The book of deuteronomy gathered strength in the court. This movement expressed itself in a state theology of loyalty to Yahweh as the sole god of Israel. With Josiah's support they launched a full-scale reform of worship based on an early form of Deuteronomy 5—26, which takes the form of a The book of deuteronomy i.
In Deuteronomy , Moses prophesies of another prophet—the ultimate Prophet to come who is the Messiah. Like Moses, He would receive and preach divine revelation and He would lead His people (John ; ). Practical Application: The book of Deuteronomy underscores the importance of God’s Word. It is a vital part of our lives. Read the Book of Deuteronomy online. Use highlighting, underlining, and take notes while you study the bible. The Book of Deuteronomy (The New International Commentary on the Old Testament) [Peter C. Craigie] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Craigie's study on the Book of Deuteronomy is part of The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Like its companion series on the New Testament4/5(11).
This covenant was formulated as an address by Moses to the Israelites Deut. The next stage took place during the Babylonian captivity.
They explained the disaster as Yahweh's punishment of their failure to follow the law, and created a history of Israel the books of Joshua through Kings to illustrate this.
At the end of the Exile, when the Persians agreed that the Jews could return and rebuild the Temple in Jerusalemchapters 1—4 and 29—30 were added and Deuteronomy was made the introductory book to this history, so that a story about a people about to enter the Promised Land became a story about a people about to return to the land.
The legal sections of chapters 19—25 were expanded to meet new situations that had arisen, and chapters 31—34 were added as a new conclusion. Sources[ edit ] The prophet Isaiahactive in Jerusalem about a century before Josiahmakes no mention of the Exoduscovenants with God, or disobedience to God's laws; in contrast Isaiah's contemporary Hoseaactive in the northern kingdom of Israelmakes frequent reference to the Exodus, the wilderness wanderings, a covenant, the danger of foreign gods and the need to worship Yahweh alone; this has led scholars to the view that these traditions behind Deuteronomy have a northern origin.
The wilderness story could end quite easily with Numbers, and the story of Joshua's conquests could exist without it, at least at the level of the plot; but in both cases there would be a thematic theological element missing.
Scholars have given various answers to the problem. The Deuteronomistic history theory is currently the most popular Deuteronomy was originally just the law code and covenant, written to cement the religious reforms of Josiah, and later expanded to stand as the introduction to the full history ; but there is an older theory which sees Deuteronomy as belonging to Numbers, and Joshua as a sort of supplement to it.
This idea still has supporters, but the mainstream understanding is that Deuteronomy, after becoming the introduction to the history, was later detached from it and included with Genesis-Exodus-Leviticus-Numbers because it already had Moses as its central character.
According to this hypothesis, the death of Moses was originally the ending of Numbers, and was simply moved from there to the end of Deuteronomy.
Israel[ edit ] The themes of Deuteronomy in relation to Israel are election, faithfulness, obedience, and God's promise of blessings, all expressed through the covenant: God[ edit ] Deuteronomy's concept of God changed over time.
The earliest 7th century layer is monolatrousnot denying the reality of other gods but enforcing the worship of Yahweh in Jerusalem alone.
In the later, Exilic layers from the mid-6th century, especially chapter 4, this becomes monotheismthe idea that only one god exists. This arrangement of material highlights God's sovereign relationship with Israel prior to the giving of establishment of the Law.
The people of Israel are addressed by Moses as a unity, and their allegiance to the covenant is not one of obeisance, but comes out of a pre-existing relationship between God and Israel, established with Abraham and attested to by the Exodus event, so that the laws of Deuteronomy set the nation of Israel apart, signaling the unique status of the Jewish nation.
Dillard and Longman note that "In of the times the verb "give" occurs in the book, the subject of the action is Yahweh. Cities of refuge, Ten Commandments, Shema, exhortation, conquest instructions Eikevon Deuteronomy 7—An Overview of the Book of Deuteronomy, including an outline, summary of contents, and a brief analysis of its literary context in the Torah and theological perspective.
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the book of deuteronomy The title of Deuteronomy in Hebrew is Debarim, “words,” from its opening phrase. The English title comes from the Septuagint of , deuteronomion, “copy of the law”; this title is appropriate because the book replicates much of the legal content of the previous books, serving as a “second law.”.
Summary of the Book of Deuteronomy This summary of the book of Deuteronomy provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of Deuteronomy.
the book of deuteronomy The Book of Deuteronomy is the fifth and final Book of the Law of Moses, also known as the Torah or Pentateuch. The Law of Moses includes the Books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Read the Book of Deuteronomy online.
Use highlighting, underlining, and take notes while you study the bible.