Kenny Leones Philippine is a country rich in diversity and language heritage. Even before Spanish colonization, its literature had evolved tremendously.
Labor export as government policy: The case of the Philippines; Mission, G.
Female migrant workers; and Asis, M. I have selected the three readings as sources for the economic history of OFWs from s to the present. He considers the Philippines as a potential model for other countries saying that labor exportation in the country has been mostly successful because the government has put in place a system for the promotion and regulation of labor emigration.
Mission acknowledges that although it was common in recent years for males to be the majority of overseas contract workers, more women are expected to make up a higher percentage of the labor force.
Only in the Philippines is where women constitute a large part of the workforce. Female wage earners and overseas workers tend to remit 71 percent more than their male counterparts, according to Asis.
The period the two authors examined is to the present with a focus on overseas workers. But the paper by Asis Ibid. The timeline can be traced from when the first batch of Filipino workers arrived in Hawaii to work on sugarcane and pineapple plantations, to the present. I disagree with him that the history of labor migration in the Philippines started mostly as a government policy.
The article of Asis mentioned the problems borne by migrants, anxieties about the destabilizing impacts of migration on families and apprehensions about materialism, which makes the article not just a clinical discussion of labor migration but also gives a picture of why Filipinos migrate in the first place.
Mission gives a face to the issue by narrating the story of a Filipina nursing graduate who worked in Saudi Arabia. In all three sources, the Filipino overseas worker is portrayed as both heroic and tragic.
The authors agree that labor migration boomed in the s when unemployment was very high.
These scholars were soon followed by throngs of young peasant workers who were recruited to work as farmhands in Hawaii and California. So I agree with Dionisio that it is only in the s when young professionals began going overseas to work.
It is very possible that Asis made a typographical error. I think it is also important to note that the reason for leaving the country is economic in nature but the motivation is social: Filipinos are family-centered and most often move from the provinces to Manila for better job opportunities.
In all the articles and I agree, with the trend that labor migration is taking it necessary for government to step in and put some order and put systems in place. This is not only to maximize the income that comes in from abroad but also to protect overseas workers who have started to feel the need to fight for their rights due to instances of injustices and abuse.
The rise of illegal recruiters and other irregularities made the government implement laws to make sure Filipinos use only the proper and legal channels for migration.
Credibility of Sources In terms of credibility the subject matter all the three authors wrote with substantial research and sources that can be verified. Their works are supported by solid data and statistics. But I think Asis is the most credible and Mission is the least reliable. But there is not much information on his background except in LinkedIn where he is described as having a PhD, a firefighter at Princeton Fire Department, project leader at RescueCorps, Inc.
His education is from Princeton University and Swarthmore http: I am not saying that just because Mission is a freelance writer, her work is not credible. According to the journalism ethics they are required to use only verifiable and credible sources and they have to do extensive research.
Mission also majored in sociology but it just so happens that it is not her specialization, she writes on many other subjects. Her article was published in Journal of History but her regular work is for Cyberdyaryo.
An additional article will be used as source: Conclusion From all the readings two major points stand out. First, what was supposed to be a temporary solution for an economic turmoil that back then the government seemed to be not capable of solving within the country is now one of the biggest contributors for national economic stability.The Central Colleges of the Philippines Interdisciplinary Research Journal.
Publisher. The Central Colleges of the Philippines Interdisciplinary Research Journal. armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States. The Philippine Islands is a monumental volume book by Emma Blair and James Alexander Robertson.
It consists of primary source documents for Philippine history translated into English. Electronic copies of the book in text format from Vol. Philippine Studies: Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints is an internationally refereed journal that publishes scholarly articles and other materials on the history of the Philippines and its peoples, both in the homeland and overseas.
It believes the past is illuminated by historians as well as scholars from other disciplines; at the same time, it prefers ethnographic approaches to the. Philippine Airlines (IATA: PR / ICAO: PAL) is an airline based in Manila, Philippines founded in currently operating a fleet of 67 aircraft.
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