Essays on the origins of western music

Different Cultures all have there own specific way of communicating through music. Music is basically broken into two specific groups Eastern Music and Western Music.

Essays on the origins of western music

History of Western Music Most of the early music that we have today still in print is primarily sacred music.

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This music, for the most part, is in the form of sections of the Mass, such as the Gloria, Kyrie and Agnus Dei. Most people of the Middle Ages were poor peasants who worked all day for meager wages and had no idle time lounging the way the upper classes did.

Cajun and Zydeco Music Traditions

Therefore, there are few extant secular compositions of music from this era. The rise of a new middle class, however, gave financial freedom for some people to spend time and money on entertainment in the form of music and dance.

Thus, the rise of the middle classes also gave way to the rise in composition and performance of secular music, which became the music of choice for composers of that day. Many were written by wandering people, many of them men and churchmen without permanent residences of their own.

Men who could not obtain a position in the Church and had to drop out were called goliards. These goliards wandered around the land, composing and performing for people. Carl Orff, the composer of the Carmina Burana, used the poems found in the largest surviving records of Latin secular music that we have today.

The Codex latinus was held in the Benedictine monastery at Benediktbeurn. Many of the songs speak of love, many of them lascivious. Others speak of drinking, satires of the religious life and even liturgical plays.

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A few of them are even written in the vernacular of the region in that time Stolba, Following the history of the era in literature, many authors were fascinated by the courtly tradition, chivalry and a higher love. Therefore, we have today musical compositions that speak of many of the same ideas.

French composers wrote songs in the vernacular called chansons de geste. These songs spoke of the heroic acts performed by knights for their ladies in the name of love. On one hand society named them outcasts, not worthy to live a productive life in service of the community, yet on the other hand, they were accepted as the perfomers of the day.

They did not compose the music, but were one of the main reasons why we still have records of the secular music. By keeping the oral tradition, they kept secular music alive in the hearts and minds of the people Stolba, Many of these musicians were of the upper aristocratic classes Annenburg.

These musicians, unlike most of the minstrels, often composed their own music and performed it as well, writing and singing in the vernacular which became the modern day French language.

Although many of the French songbooks contain some compositions, there are more records of the poetry. Most of the songs in the book are in one of three musical forms: Many of these songs were strophic and had refrains or choruses, Stolba, The musical instruments in use by the performers consisted mainly of stringed and woodwind instruments, augmented by the use of the early trumpet and several types of drums and cymbals.

Medieval art is perhaps the best example of illustrating the uses and types of instruments. The cittern and citole consisted of four or five metal strings and were the primary stringed instruments. The recorder and shawm were the primary woodwind instruments.

By the fourteenth century, production of secular music far outweighed that of sacred. The time period became known as the Ars Nova or New Art, in response to a treatise written by the famous composer of the time, Philippe de Vitry.

For much of his lifetime, de Vitry worked in service to the French court. Later in he became Bishop of Meaux which he maintained until he died. In his writings, de Vitry codified the new rhythms and notation which were being developed.

He also used red notes to determine pitch notes and alterations known as colorations. Together with new rhythms and these colorations, composers began to write music which had never been seen before. Composers before this had followed strict rules.

Essays on the origins of western music

De Vitry now utilized the old rules and combined them with new ideas to create genuine Ars Nova Stolba, Machaut was also employed most of his life by the court. At this time, the primary form of music was the motet, often in multiple parts.

The upper voices were named motetus and triplum. These were written over the lower voices of the contatenor and contratenor bassus, which later became the bass.Prehistoric music (previously primitive music) is a term in the history of music for all music produced in preliterate cultures (), beginning somewhere in very late geological caninariojana.comtoric music is followed by ancient music in different parts of the world, but still exists in isolated areas.

However, it is more common to refer to the "prehistoric" music which still survives as folk. Concepts; Śruti; Svara; Rāga; Tāḷa; Mēḷakarta; Asaṃpūrṇa Mēḷakarta; Compositions; Gītaṃ; Svarajati; Varṇaṃ; Kriti; Kirtana; Rāgaṃ Tānaṃ.

Essays on the Origins of Western Music by David Whitwell Essay I: On Animals and Music Dolphins delight infinitely in music; they love it, and if any man sings or plays as he sails along in fair weather, they will quietly swim by the side of the ship, and listen till the music .

Essays on the Origins of Western Music.

Essays on the origins of western music

by. David Whitwell. Essay Nr. Thoughts on Tempi. Just as there is a difference between grammar and speech, so there is an infinitely greater one between musical theory and the art of fine playing.

The rise of a new middle class, however, gave financial freedom for some people to spend time and money on entertainment in the form of music and dance.

Thus, the rise of the middle classes also gave way to the rise in composition and performance of secular music, which became the music of choice for composers of that day.

Ancient Greek: The Birthplace of Western Civilization - Ancient geek was the birthplace of western civilization about years ago. Ancient Greece produced many magnificent achievements in areas of government, science, philosophy and the fine arts that still influenced our lives.

History Of Western Music Essay Example For Students | Artscolumbia