For poet, activist and politician Aime Cesaire, the verdict was in: This is not to suggest that Western European nations were the first and only countries to pursue imperialistic policies or that nothing good came out of colonial policies for the subject population. A couple of caveats before examining the British-Indian relationship: It also should be noted that India was rather unique among colonized lands during this era for at least two reasons.
Right from the beginning of their relationship with India, the British, who had come as traders and had become rulers and administrators, had influenced the economic and political systems of the country. Their impact on the cultural and social life of India was, however, gradual.
Tillthey followed a policy of non-interference in the social and cultural life of the Indians. Yet, changes were taking place in these fields the social life of Indians.
Initially, the East India Company did not think that it was its duty to impart education to Indians. It allowed the old system of education to continue.
Pathsalas, which imparted a special type of education geared towards meeting the requirements of a rural society, were open to all. Sanskrit education was imparted in tols. Higher education was confined primarily to upper castes. This system of education was eventually changed by the British.
Around the beginning of the 19th century, the Company became aware of the need for introducing Western education in India. However, Christian missionaries, who were interested in spreading Christianity through education, had already established several educational institutions which were attached to their churches.
Charter Act of The Charter Act of directed the Company to spend one lakh rupees on the education of Indians. But even this meagre amount could not be utilised because of a raging debate over the medium of instruction.
Orientalists advocated the traditional Indian learning through the medium of the classical languages of Sanskrit and Perisan. The Anglicists, on the other hand, argued that Western education should be imparted through the medium of English.
Inthe government passed an Act declaring that educational funds would be utilised for imparting Western education through the medium of English. InEnglish became the official language and it was declared that people having knowledge of English would be preferred for public employment. This helped the spread of English education in India.
The traditional Pathsalas withered away as a new system of elementary education was put in its place.
However, the emphasis was on higher education. English education, too, continued to flourish. It must be remembered that the need for low- ranking English-knowing Indian clerks was one of the main reasons that prompted the government to take steps to spread Western education.
Employing educated Indians was necessary because of the need to man an expanding bureaucracy. Employing Englishmen at all levels of the administration was both expensive and difficult. Western education, however, influenced Indian society in a way that the British could never have imagined.
Theories of philosophers like John Locke, Jeremy Bentham, Adam Smith and Voltaire instilled in the Indian mind notions of freedom, liberty, equality and democracy. As a result of the exposure to such ideas, Indians began to recognise the need for change.
The imposition of English in the education system was a blessing in disguise. Indians from diverse regions speaking different languages could now communicate with each other through the medium of English.
English thus united the educated Indians and brought about a feeling of oneness among them. A spirit of nationalism gradually emerged.
In order to rule India effectively, an understanding of her past traditions and culture was required. Sanskrit was promoted and several educational institutions were set up for that purpose.
Many European scholars and government employees became increasingly interested in Indian languages. William Jones founded the Asiatic Society. Jones himself was a great scholar of Sanskrit. He translated some ancient Indian works like the Manu Smriti. Charles Wilkins translated the Bhagavad Gita into English.
Max Mueller translated the Rig Veda.The British began by alternating the existing tax laws that were in effect during the pre-colonial era (mainly taxes on cattle, land, and poll taxes); were mainly applied in Kingdoms and Caliphates.
Nevertheless, the ruling colonial power unified the tax system into one single tax resulting after the Land Ordinance Act in Imperialism Dbq - Essay by - Anti Essays As long as taxes were paid, the British cared little about "the rule of law".
Mar 31, Nina Phan 01 17 13 Period 2 British imperialism in India had many positive and negative effects on the mother country, Britain, and the colony.
The Social and Economic Impact of British Rule in India! Right from the beginning of their relationship with India, the British, who had come as traders and had become rulers and administrators, had influenced the economic and political systems of the country.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Their impact on the cultural and social life of India was, however, [ ]. Research essay: The British colonization of India Cartographic representation of Colonial India Imperial Britain was the greatest colonial power of the second millennium It is therefore apt to write dissertations or thesis papers on imperial Britain.
The Effects Of British Colonial Rule. Print Reference this. Published: Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. You can view samples of our professional work here. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material.
Describe three effects of British colonial rule on India. British officials held the top jobs and Indians filled the other jobs.
British policies were designed to fit India into the overall British economy.