In the United States, teachers are trying to involve students together in cooperative learning, while Japanese teachers are striving for ways to individualize their educational processes.
From deciding whether or not to work, to selecting breast milk vs. Some practices can appear neglectful by American standards, while others just seem unusual. Norwegian parents let their kids sleep in the freezing cold, NPR reports.
Her study on cultural models and developmental agendas for early infancy concluded that American mothers were more likely to emphasize the importance of maintaining high levels of mental arousal and activity than their counterparts in other countries.
Notable Cultural Differences in Parenting: There are two fundamental patterns in child-rearing, individualistic and collectivist, explains communication expert Marcia Carteret on Dimensions of Culture. Individualistic cultures emphasize self-sufficiency, while collectivist ones emphasize the dependence of individuals on the group of which they are a part.
American parents embrace the former. Out of the four types of parenting modes Americans tend to practice, just 20 percent belong to the mode most likely to emphasize tradition. The other 80 percent of parents were defined by factors unrelated to custom or conformity, such as an emphasis on personal freedom, a lack of a particular child-rearing agenda and the desire to raise children more materially successful than themselves.
Through this lens, the gap between parenting styles in America and many parts of the world gives more of the impression of a chasm. Collectivist cultures, by far the global norm, train children in dependent behaviors including obedience, calmness, politeness and respect toward others.
Specifically, collectivist values can often be observed in many Asian-based cultures.
The Frances McClelland Institute for Children, Youth, and Families explains that Chinese and Filipino traditions regard adhering to the status quo as paramount in importance. Children raised with Chinese values are instilled with an obvious and accepted duty toward their family.
As part of their child-raising technique, Chinese parents are also expected to teach their children the specific practice of how to live harmoniously with others. Therefore, individual emotional expression is considered harmful, as it is a threat to maintaining harmony.
Filipino families have a similar system. Again, if these principles are rejected or breached, intense shame is attached to the act. Causes of Differentiation Parents generally raise their children with the goal of molding them into effective adults.
But the definition of an effective, productive member of society differs from culture to culture: How important is happiness? Children stay up until 10 p.
Some African cultures, like those in Zambia and Malawi, treasure the passing down of unique cultural traditions, considering it the job of elders to continue this practice.
The Kisii people of Kenya give weight to eye contact. They refuse to look their babies in the eye, believing it will cause them to grow up thinking they are in control of their caretakers. For many cultures, a strong intergenerational family unit is critical to the success of a society.
Children provide the social safety net for elderly parents. The United States, in contrast, places a premium on job success and individuality, which can mean children moving far away to pursue careers. Indeed, societal philosophies and their influence on families can prove both substantial and, at the same time, enigmatic.
But knowing how culture ties people together, for better or for worse, can have a significant impact on raising well-adjusted children. Cultural differences in parenting abound, and for marriage and family therapists, understanding cultural mores is even more important to effectively help clients with the complicated web of family and cultural dynamics.
Touro University Worldwide offers a Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy that gives students an understanding of how to embrace different cultures when treating clients.
The fully online program allows students to maintain their personal and work schedules.To review child-rearing and educational practices in the United States and Japan, this paper will focus on three aspects: 1) historical and religious background of child rearing, 2) mothers' perceptions and attitudes toward appropriate child rearing and optimal child development, 3) teachers' perspectives about school-based socialization of young .
child-rearing noun [U] uk / ˈtʃaɪldˌrɪə.rɪŋ / us / ˈrɪrˌrɪə.rɪŋ / › the work of taking care of children until they are old enough to take care of themselves. In a country where various cultures live side-by-side in neighborhoods across every city and town, child-rearing practices are bound to vary significantly.
Still, a few recurring trends that transcend cultural differences exist among the majority of U.S. parents. Ultimately, these child-rearing practices emphasize feeling responsible for behavior and avoiding shaming both personally and for the family, clan or community.
Specifically, collectivist values can often be observed in many Asian-based cultures. and Unmarried Parents in the United States, Demography 50, [ii] Ariel Kalil, Rebecca Ryan, and Eise Chor ().
“Time Investments in Children Across Family Structures,” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (1) (): – To review child-rearing and educational practices in the United States and Japan, this paper will focus on three aspects: 1) historical and religious background of child rearing, 2) mothers' perceptions and attitudes toward appropriate child rearing and optimal child development, 3) teachers' perspectives about school-based socialization of young children, and 4) models of formation of self.