A research paper on the history of transitional services

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A research paper on the history of transitional services

The investigation and prosecution of serious international crimes, such as genocidecrimes against humanityand war crimes helps to strengthen the rule of law by sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties.

A research paper on the history of transitional services

It also demonstrates that crime will not be tolerated, and that human rights abusers will be held accountable for their actions. International Criminal Court[ edit ] Main article: It is the first international criminal court that helps end impunity for perpetrators of severe crimes.

It was established to investigate and try leaders of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity in cases where countries are unable or unwilling to do so.

These courts consist of both international and domestic justice actors. They attempt to deliver justice that the domestic justice systems cannot provide alone due to lack of capacity or political will.

Furthermore, hybrid courts attempt to strengthen domestic capacities to prosecute human rights abuses through the transfer of international legal skills and expertise.

Reparations transitional justice Reparations aim to repair the suffering of victims of human rights abuses. They seek to make amends with victims, help them overcome the consequences of abuse, and provide rehabilitation.

They may include financial payments, social services including health care or education, or symbolic compensation such as public apologies. Truth-seeking Truth-seeking encompasses initiatives allowing actors in a country to investigate past abuses and seek redress for victims.

These processes aim to enable societies to examine and come to terms with past crimes and human rights violations in order to prevent their recurrence. They help create documentation that prevents repressive regimes from rewriting history and denying the past. Truth-seeking measures may include freedom of information legislationdeclassification of archives, investigations, and truth commissions.

Truth commissions Truth commissions are non-judicial commissions of inquiry that aim to discover and reveal past abuses by a government or non-state actors; about forty official truth commissions have been created worldwide.

Memory and memorials[ edit ] Main article: Memorialization Memorials seek to preserve memories of people or events. In the context of transitional justice, they serve to honor those who died during conflict or other atrocities, examine the past, address contemporary issues and show respect to victims.

A research paper on the history of transitional services

They can help create records to prevent denial and help societies move forward. Memorials may include commemoration activities, such as architectural memorials, museums, and other commemorative events.

Security sector reform Public institutions, including the policemilitaryand judiciaryoften contribute to repression and other human rights violations.


When societies undergo a transition, these institutions must be reformed in order to create accountability and prevent the recurrence of abuse.

Institutional reform includes the process of restructuring these state actors to ensure that they respect human rights and abide by the rule of law. Vetting is the process of eliminating corrupt or abusive officials from public service employment.

For instance, in Afghanistanelection candidates in the and elections were vetted.

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Several countries developed alternative personnel systems that provide for the inclusion of inherited personnel in exchange for their exposure or confession. Mechanisms, such as trials, truth commissions, reparations, lustration, museums, and other memory sites have been employed either single-handedly or in a combined form to address past human rights violations.

Diverse studies ranging from the decision-making process of a choice of strategy through to the implementation of the transitional justice policy and impacts on the transition and future stability of the society in question have been produced by scholars in recent years.The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.

This paper presents a brief synthesis of the current state of knowledge on the formation and break-up of the early-Neoproterozoic supercontinent Rodinia, and the subsequent assembly of Gondwanaland. A Boundless, Personalized Learning Experience. Arcadia is a top-ranked private university offering bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.

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The term reconciliation has long been associated with the field of transitional justice and is often presumed to be one of its goals. At the same time, reconciliation has been both controversial and vague as a concept, giving rise to different understandings and approaches. This paper presents possible understandings of the concept of reconciliation as well as its relationship to the field of.

A Research Paper On The History Of Transitional Services